The Rolleiflex T Manual
This is a comparatively simplified Rolleiflex without some of the trimmings of the more advanced models. It has a 3 m. (n mm.) Zeiss Tessar/3.5 lens in Synchro-Compur shutter, and is available with or without dual range exposure meter. The model without meter is pre-wired for subsequent installation of the meter. The focusing hood is removable (for replacement by the pentaprism), but no eye-level mirror is fitted. A single lever controls exposure values and aperture-speed selection, with facility for individual adjustment The self-adjusting film counter is suitable for 12 exposures or for 16 pictures with a special masking set. A back for single exposures on plates or cut film can be fitted. Cameras with serial Nos. above 2,151,000 are fitted with the dual-size camera back and can be used also with the 24X 36mm. Rolleikin. Models of lower serial Nos. can be converted together with the ever-ready case. The camera takes all optical accessories with size I bayonet mount; filters, hood, close-up, soft focus and attachment lenses for tele and wide-angle effect, etc., may be used. Other accessories include the Rolleifix tripod head, Rollei pistol grip, panorama head, extension hood, flash guns, and micro attachment.
Loading your Rolleiflex T
- Open the camera back.
- Insert the film. First transfer the empty spool in the bottom chamber to the top chamber. Pull out the film retaining knob, remove the empty spool and insert it in the top chamber after pulling out the corresponding retaining knob. The grooved end of the spool should engage the cross bar of the film transport peg.
Insert the film roll into the bottom chamber after breaking the seal. Draw the pointed paper end over the two glide rollers into the wide slot of the top spool. Tighten the paper on this spool. Now wind the transport crank until the triangular marks (or arrows) on the backing paper are opposite the red dots on either side near the base of the film aperture.
- Close the camera.
- Get the film ready for the first exposure by turning the transport lever crank till it comes to a definite stop. Then turn it back and fold over to the rest position. The exposure counter sets itself automatically to No. 1.
- Set the film speed and type. On the Rolleiflex T without exposure meter set the film speed indicator by turning the bar in centre of focusing knob to the right until the DIN or ASA speed appears in the appropriate cut out. Set the film type to ortho, pan, artificial light colour or daylight colour, by turning the same bar to the left.
On the Rolleiflex T with built-in exposure meter, set the speed by turning the serrated outer rim of the meter beyond the left or right stop until the speed of the film loaded into the camera appears in the appropriate DIN or ASA window. Intermediate values are indicated by dots. The film type indicator is here m the centre of he exposure meter knob. Turn the milled centre button ring until the appropriate film type appears.
Unloading your Rolleiflex T
- Wind off the film.
- Open the camera back.
- Remove the exposed film, then close the camera or reload.
Shooting with your Rolleiflex T
The peep windows above the finder lens indicate the aperture and shutter speed set. Another window at the side shows the exposure values. All the settings are controlled by a single exposure lever. The film counter shows the number of exposures taken and automatically switches over from 12 to 16 exposures on fitting the 16-exposure mask. The focusing knob carries the distance scale which moves past a depth of field scale. It also incorporates a film indicator, or (when a meter is built in) the meter controls. The transport crank advances the film and tensions the shutter. No double exposures are possible. The synchronizing lever sets X or M synchronization, or tensions the self-timer. The flash socket incorporates a cable lock. The release button carries a cable release socket and a safety and time exposure lock.
Shooting with the Rolleiflex T. From left to right: Advance the film and tension the shutter by turning the transport crank; set the exposure value; select alternative aperture-speed combinations if required; focus the image on the screen; press the release to expose.
- Advance the film, swing out the crank and turn it forward with one continuous swing until it stops, and back again to stop. This operation tensions the shutter, advances the film to the next frame and advances the film counter.
- Set the exposure value. The exposure value is ascertained from either the built-in exposure meter (see below), a separate meter, or the table on the back of the camera. To set it, pull out the button of the lever at the left-hand side of the lens and move it up or down until the required value is opposite the pointer in the exposure value window on the left of the finder lens.
- Set the aperture speed combination. Each exposure value represents a range of shutter speed-aperture combinations covered by a single setting, which are interlocked. You can choose any shutter speed or aperture without changing the exposure. Move the lever at the left of the taking lens, without pulling out its button, until the desired aperture-speed combination appears in the peep window on top of the finder lens. The Synchro-Compur shutter has speeds of 1, ½, ¼, 1/8, 1/15,1/30,1/60,1/125,1/250,1/500 sec. and B. The values 1, 2, 4, 8, etc., to 500, are fractions of seconds and stand, therefore, for 1, ½, ¼, 1/8 etc., to 1/500 sec. To set the aperture and shutter speed independently, set first the shutter speed (if necessary go back over the scale) by moving the left-hand lever, then pull out its button and set the aperture.
- Focus and determine the picture area. To open the reflex hood lift up the back edge of the hood. To close it, fold in both sides and pull back the front. To raise the magnifier, press the front panel of the opened hood gently inwards. To close the magnifier, push it
Turn the focusing knob to get the image sharp. To use hood as direct vision sports finder press in the front panel of the open hood as far as it will go. To close, gently tap both sides of the hood.For eye-level viewing you can also use the pentaprism.
- Release the shutter gently by pressing the release button. Swing out the shutter release first.
Using your Rolleiflex T Exposure Meter
The photo-electric exposure meter has two measuring ranges. On the top left-hand corner of the plate, a switch operates the high or low range. The measuring indicator is built into the focusing knob on the left-hand side of the camera.
- Set the film speed by turning the adjusting ring until the correct speed appears in the cut-out above the indicator mark for ASA or DIN. Dots indicate intermediate values.
- Set the measuring range. In bright light out-of-doors, turn the measuring range switch on the top left-hand corner of the Rolleiflex name plate upwards so that the red dot is covered. In poor light and indoors turn the measuring range switch down so that the red dot is uncovered.
- Measure the exposure value. Turn the finely serrated ring to line up the red pointer with the black meter needle. With the range switch turned upwards (red dot covered) read off the correct exposure value in the forward window of the knob. In poor light, with the range switch turned down (red dot uncovered) read off the exposure value in the rear red window. The figures are full exposure values, the dots indicate half-values.
- Set the exposure value on the shutter (see above, Shooting No. 2).
Installing the Exposure Meter
To fit the meter first unscrew the lugs of the name plate with the needle in the outfit (upper left) and replace the name plate by the meter cell. Unscrew the screws of the retaining ring of the film indicator (upper right) and remove the assembly. Unscrew the screw S below the film indicator window of the meter control unit and insert the latter in the focusing knob (lower left), turning it to the right to engage the bayonet lock. Tighten the retaining screw S. For zero calibration (lower right) the meter needle should be in line with the calibration mark O when the cell is completely covered. If this is not the case remove the meter control unit again and adjust the setting screw Z in the back.
To use the meter first set the film speed (left), then point the camera at the subject and turn the setting ring to line up the setting pointer with the meter needle (centre left). Read off the exposure value in the appropriate window (centre right), and set the camera to this exposure value (right).
The Rolleiflex T, even when without exposure meter, is pre-wired to subsequent installation of the meter.
- Fit the meter cell by unscrewing the camera name plate with the special pin supplied with the separate meter. Replace the name plate by the photo-cell and replace the screws.
- Insert the meter control unit into the focusing knob. Remove the three screws at the retaining ring of the film indicator dial and let the dial drop out. Loosen the retaining screw below the film type indicator window of the meter control unit as far as it will go. The control unit is now inserted into the focusing knob with the red indicator window on top, pushed gently inwards and turned clock-wise until it locks. Tighten the retaining screw again.
- Zero calibration. When the photo-cell is completely covered up, the black pointer should be in zero position, pointing to the short green line. If the black pointer does not point to the green line turn the retaining screw as far as it will go, turn the meter to the left to disengage it from its bayonet socket and remove it. Adjust the screw in the upper centre of the back of the control unit until the black indicator needle points to the green index mark.
Reinsert the control unit, lock into position and tighten the retaining screw.
The meter is now ready for use.
TIME EXPOSURES. With the shutter speed lever set to B or to any of the green numbers, the shutter opens on pressing the release button and stays open until you let go. The values in green indicate the required time in full seconds if you change from a large aperture with a slow shutter speed to a small aperture at the same exposure value setting. These figures thus serve for calculation only and the actual exposure must be made by counting the seconds while keeping the release depressed. To keep the shutter open for a long time, depress the release and lock the release guard for the required time. Alternatively use a cable release—preferably with lock.
FLASH SYNCHRONIZATION. For X synchronization, set the flash lever (on the right of the taking lens) to the flash symbol (a zig-zag. arrow) for M synchronization to the bulb symbol. While the camera will accept the standard 3 mm. co-axial plug, a special Rolleiflex flash plug with lead is available to connect to the flash socket on the left side of the camera. This special plug locks into position and can only be removed by pushing down the locking lever on the side of the flash socket.
THE SELF-TIMER. A self-timer (delayed action) is built-in, which permits the photographer to appear in the picture. Place the camera on a rigid support, best a tripod. Pull out the self timer lever (which is at the same time the flash lever) and move it to the position marked “V”. Advance the film first. On pressing the shutter release, the shutter will open after a delay of approximately 10 seconds.
INTENTIONAL DOUBLE EXPOSURES are not possible with this model.
(For more general information and a general Manual about all Rolleiflex/Rollei TLR Camera Press this link: Rolleiflex Rollei TLR Manual)